Odissi is one of the oldest dance form of India with rich tradition. Archaeological evidences show the arts’ age and evolution. The traditional dance form of Orissa, it has its origin to the temple dances of the temple dancers. We can find mentions about Odissi in inscriptions, depictions on sculptures. In temples like Brahmeswara, Sun Temple at konark the sculptures an depictions are found.. In the 1950s, the entire dance form was revitalised, thanks to the Abhinaya Chandrika and sculpted dance poses found in temples.
The Oddisi seen today is a result of reconstruction from various dance traditions of Orissa. The Mahais, the Odissi as we know it today is the result of a long process of reconstruction from various dance traditions of Orissa, for instance the Maharis, the Goti puas and the Bhandanritya traditions. Maharis are the counterparts of the Devadasis of the South. Gotipuas are men who dressed as female dancers and danced like the Maharis.
While the form is curvaceous, concentrating on the tribhang or the division of the body into three parts, head, bust and torso; the mudras and the expressions are similar to those of Bharatnatyam. Odissi performances are replete with lores of the eighth incarnation of Vishnu, Lord Krishna. It is a soft, lyrical classical dance which depicts the ambience of Orissa and the philosophy of its most popular deity, Lord Jagannath.
Odissi is based on the popular devotion to Lord Krishna and the verses of the Sanskrit play Geet Govinda are used to depict the love and devotion to God. The Odissi dancers use their head, bust and torso in soft flowing movements to express specific moods and emotions.